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: another mood to suppress

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Great thing about the Net...when LJ Friends post purdy images.

In your face ARPANET:
The Advanced Research Projects Agency was formed with an emphasis towards research, and thus was not oriented only to a military product. The formation of this agency was part of the U.S. reaction to the then Soviet Union's launch of Sputnik in 1957. (ARPA draft, III-6). ARPA was assigned to research how to utilize their investment in computers via Command and Control Research (CCR). Dr. J.C.R. Licklider was chosen to head this effort. Licklider came to ARPA from Bolt, Beranek and Newman, (BBN) in Cambridge, MA in October 1962. (ARPA draft, III-6)

From Licklider's arrival, the department's contracts were shifted from independent corporations towards "the best academic computer centers" (ARPA draft, III-7). The then current computing mode was via batch processing (you know, input via stacks of punched cards, output: results, or lack of them, made known one or more days later.). Licklider saw improvements could be made in CCR only via work on advancing the current state of computing technology. He particularly wanted to move forward into the age of interactive computing, and the current contractors were not moving in that direction. In an Interview, Licklider told the interviewee that SDC "was based on batch processing, and while I was interested in a new way of doing things, they [SDC] were studying how to make improvements in the ways things were done already." (An Interview with J.C.R. Licklider conducted by William Aspray and Arthur Norberg on October 28, 1988 Cambridge, Mass. CBI Univ of Minn., Madison) The office "developed into a far-reaching basic research program in advanced technology." (ARPA draft III-7) Licklider's Office was renamed Information Processing Techniques (IPT or IPTO) to reflect that change.

The Completion report states that "Prophetically, Licklider nicknamed the group of computer specialists he gathered the 'Intergalactic Network'." ARPA draft, III-7) Before work on the ARPANET began, the very idea of the network was planted by the creation of the Information Processing Techniques Office of ARPA. Robert Taylor, Licklider's successor at the IPTO, remembers Lick's interest in interconnecting communities:

"Lick was among the first to perceive the spirit of community created among the users of the first time-sharing systems... In pointing out the community phenomena created, in part, by the sharing of resources in one timesharing system, Lick made it easy to think about interconnecting the communities, the interconnection of interactive, on-line communities of people, ..." (ARPA draft, III-21)


On another note, The Cradle Will Rock, it's history, is moving.